Restitution verification procedure

– 1995, to the beneficiary heirs of Gustav Klemperer Edler von Klemenau (1852–1926) from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: a double gourd vase (inv. no. ES 75) that was ultimately transferred into the ownership of the Free State of Bavaria after a compensation payment;

– 2011, to the porcelain collection in the Zwinger in Dresden from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: three vases (inv. nos ES 663a‒b, ES 801, ES 1056a‒b = Dresdner Zwinger inv. no. PE 8257‒8259) that went missing while being transferred elsewhere for storage during the war and appeared on the art market via a route unknown to date;

– 2012, to the beneficiary heirs of August Liebmann Mayer (1885–1944): a bronze statuette of Mercury from the mid 17th century (inv. no. 37/68) that, after being seized by the Nazis in 1937, was sold at the ‘Aryanised’ auction house Hugo Helbing (1863‒1938) in Munich and purchased at auction by the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum;

– 2012, to the beneficiary heirs of Gustav Klemperer Edler von Klemenau (1852–1926) from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: a teapot and a small soup tureen (inv. nos L ES 324a‒b; L ES 1793a‒b) that, after their successful restitution, were purchased by the Friends of the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum;

– 2013, to the beneficiary heirs of the Drey family (A.S. Drey, art dealer, Munich): a Brussels tapestry (inv. no. 61/57), c. 1520, depicting allegorical scenes, probably commissioned by King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1481–1559) that was auctioned in 1936 at Paul Graupe, Berlin and entered the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in 1961 as a ‘transfer of state-owned property’, having previously been in the ownership of Hermann Göring (1893‒1946);

– 2014, to the beneficiary heirs of Ernst (1881–1946) and Ida Agathe (1898–1951) Saulmann: six books (inv. nos Bibl. 11774 and 11796) that were bought at auction by the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum at the ‘Münchener Kunstversteigerungshaus Adolf Weinmüller’ after being seized by the Nazis in 1939. After their successful restitution these books were donated to the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum as a gift by the community of heirs;

– 2015, to the Vitzthum von Eckstädt family from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: a Meissen porcelain plate with butterfly décor from the Vitzthum dinner service (inv. no. ES 1218) that was taken from Schloss Schönwölkau near Leipzig in 1951 as part of a ‘salvage operation’ linked to the expropriation of the family of Carl Hermann Count Vitzthum von Eckstädt (1882‒1945). The restitution of this Meissen porcelain plate from the Vitzthum dinner service represents the first instance of a cultural asset verifiably seized by the East German state being returned to its rightful owner by the Free State of Bavaria.

Verification concluded

Restitution claim from the heirs of Ernst (1881–1946) and Ida Agathe (1898–1951) Saulmann for an object acquired by the BNM in 1936: farmhouse cupboard (inv. no. 36/30).
Restitution granted, as expropriation resulted from Nazi persecution. It has not, however, been possible to restitute the object to date as this cannot be verified by the BNM (possibly as a result of damage during the war). Six books from the same restitution claim were restituted by the BNM to the beneficiary heirs who then donated these as a gift to the BNM.

Restitution claim from the heirs of Jakob (1879‒1941) and Rosa (1877‒1943) Oppenheimer for three objects bought at auction in 1935 at Paul Graupe, Berlin (cat. no. 137, 25./26.01.1935; cat. no. 142, 26./27.04.1935), one of which (inv. no. 59/10) was acquired in 1959 as the property/impounded asset of Heinrich Hoffmann (1885‒1957) by the ‘Finanzmittelstelle’ in Munich for the restitution fond, and two (inv. nos 65/287–288) that entered the BNM as ‘transfers of state-owned property’ in 1965 as the property/impounded asset of Heinrich Hoffmann (1885‒1957): 1. Bronze sculpture: Group of wrestlers (inv. no. 59/10); 2. Bronze sculpture: Odysseus Draws the Bow (inv. no. 65/287); 3. Bronze sculpture: Milo of Croton (inv. no. 65/288).
After careful investigation of the case it was deemed that no valid claim exists for the restitution of the works or for compensatory payment under the terms of the Washington Principles and the Common Statement.

Restitution claim from the heirs of Adolph (1861‒1938) and Helene (1868‒1956) List for one object that was donated to the BNM in 1968 as a gift through the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: a small Meissen porcelain mustard jug with lid (inv. no. ES 2382 a–b).
After careful investigation of the case it was deemed that no valid claim exists for the restitution of the work or for compensatory payment under the terms of the Washington Principles and the Common Statement.

Restitution claim from the heirs of Ottmar Strauss (1878‒1940) for one object that entered the BNM in 1965 as part of the ‘transfers of state-owned property’, formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring (1893‒1946): chasuble (inv. no. 65/135 = Lost Art-ID 452492).
Object in the BNM is not identical to the object sought.

Proactive research on one object that was donated to the BNM in 1968 as a gift through the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection, formerly in the possession of Carl Hermann Count Vitzthum von Eckstädt (1882‒1945): Meissen porcelain plate (inv. no. ES 1218).
Restitution made in 2015 as expropriation resulted from persecution in East Germany.

Proactive research on two objects from the porcelain collection of Bruno (1886‒1972) and Antonie (1888‒1957) Levi that were accidentally not restituted after 1945, having been ‘secured’ by the Gestapo in Munich on 21 November 1938 and acquired by the BNM in 1940: 1. Nymphenburg porcelain cup (inv. no. 40/199); 2. Nymphenburg porcelain lid (inv. no. 40/492).
Expropriation resulted from Nazi persecution. Registered on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 532927, 532928.

Proactive research on one object from the collection of Julius (1864‒1942) and Simoni (1879‒1943) Davidsohn that was not restituted after 1945 as no beneficiary heir could be found, having been ‘secured’ by the Gestapo in Munich on 21 November 1938 and acquired by the BNM in 1940: 1. Nymphenburg porcelain tureen with a knob in the shape of a lemon (inv. no. 40/496).
Expropriation resulted from Nazi persecution. Registered on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 533115. Search for heirs being prepared in cooperation with the BSTGS and SGSM.

Proactive research on one object from the collection of Julius (1864‒1942) and Simoni (1879‒1943) Davidsohn that was not restituted after 1945 as no beneficiary heir could be found, having been ‘secured’ by the Gestapo in Munich on 21 November 1938 and transferred to the BNM by the Free State of Bavaria in 1955: Carved relief panel: nine ivory reliefs depicting scenes from Schiller’s ‘The Song of the Bell’, set in a carved wooden panel (inv. no. 55/124).
Expropriation resulted from Nazi persecution. Registered on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 532926. Search for heirs being prepared in cooperation with the BSTGS and SGSM.

Proactive research on six objects of unknown provenance consigned in 1942 for auction to the ‘Münchener Kunstversteigerungshaus Adolf Weinmüller’ (cat. nos 32, 03.–05.12.1942) by the Special Commissioner to the Reich Commissariat for the Occupied Dutch Territories, Kajetan Mühlmann (1898‒1958), of to date unknown provenance: 1. Bronze sculpture: Triton Kneeling (inv. no. 42/210); 2. Faïence plate with Rocaille décor (inv. no. 42/211); 3. Frankenthal porcelain figure: Thetis (inv. no. 42/212); 4. Frankenthal porcelain figure: Gentleman at Desk (inv. no. 42/213); 5. Ceramic plate with depiction of a couple in traditional dress (inv. no. 42/214); 6. Porcelain shaving bowl with floral décor (inv. no. 42/217).
Expropriation resulted from Nazi persecution. Registered on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 532929, 532921, 532922, 532923, 532924, 532926.

Proactive research on two objects that were donated to the BNM in 1968 as a gift through the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection, formerly in the possession of the House of Wettin: 1. Meissen porcelain plate (inv. no. ES 627); 2. Meissen porcelain bowl (inv. no. ES 1530).
No evidence that expropriation resulted from persecution in East Germany.

Proactive research on one object that entered the BNM in 1992 as a gift from a private collection, originally classified as ‘property of the Wehrmacht’: tapestry depicting the Battle of the Granicus (inv. no. 92/457).
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg) in preparation.

Proactive research on one object from the estate of Hans Michael Frank (1900‒1946) that entered the BNM in 1994 as part of the ‘transfers of state-owned property’: wooden sculpture of upright male figure in antique-style dress (inv. no. 94/15).
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg) in preparation.

Proactive research on eight objects acquired by the BNM in 1942 out of ‘non-Aryan ownership’ or ‘Jewish ownership’, of unknown provenance to date: 1. Wooden chair (inv. no. 42/1); 2. Iron/silver seal stamp (inv. no. 42/2); 3. Iron/silver seal stamp (inv. no. 42/3); 4. Brass/wood seal stamp (inv. no. 42/4); 5. Copper/brass/silver touch needle (inv. no. 42/5); 6. Copper/brass/silver touch needle (inv. no. 42/6); 7. Brass/bronze vessel (inv. no. 42/7); 8. wooden chest of drawers (inv. no. 42/11).
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg) in preparation.

Proactive research on one object formerly in the possession of Siegfried Lämmle (1863‒1953) bought at auction in 1937 at ‘Münchener Kunstversteigerungshaus Adolf Weinmüller’ (cat. no. 12, 02.–04.12.1937): Earthenware statuette by Paul Troger (?): Allegory of Prudence (inv. no. 37/115).
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg) and contact to the beneficiary heirs of Siegfried Lämmle in preparation.

Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in cooperation with the Museum Fünf Kontinente (MFK)

Restitution claim from the heirs of Jakob (1879‒1941) and Rosa (1877‒1943) Oppenheimer for 40 objects in the Museum Fünf Kontinente that were acquired in 1935, 1955 and 1969: 1. 38 Chinese objects (inv. nos 35-8-1–35-8-33), acquired at Paul Graupe, Berlin in 1935 (cat. nos 140, 22./23.03.1935; cat. nos 143, 29.04.1935); 2. One Chinese object (55-18-14) that was auctioned in 1935 at Paul Graupe, Berlin (cat. no. 143, 29.04.1935) and acquired in 1955 by the MFK from Ludwig Bretschneider; 3. One Chinese object (69-12-140) that was auctioned in 1935 at Paul Graupe, Berlin (cat. no. 143, 29.04.1935) and acquired in 1969 by the MFK from O. Bezold.
After careful investigation of the case it was deemed that no valid claim exists for the restitution of the works or for compensatory payment under the terms of the Washington Principles and the Common Statement.

On-going verification

Restitution claim from the heirs of Emma Ranette Budge (1852‒1937) for two objects that entered the BNM in 1951 and 1970, three in 1965 as ‘transfers of state-owned property’, formerly the property/impounded assets of Hermann Göring (1893‒1946) and three in 1968 as gifts through the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: 1. Wooden sculpture: Virgin and Child on Globe (inv. no. 51/105 = Lost Art-ID 427698), acquired by the BNM in 1951; 2. Chasuble (inv. no. 65/196 = Lost Art-ID 428664), formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring; 3. Cope (inv. no. 65/201 = Lost Art-ID 428641), formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring; 4. Rock crystal vessel with lid (inv. no. 65/108), formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring; 5. Writing cabinet (inv. no. 70/116 = Lost Art-ID 427625), acquired by the BNM in 1970; 6. Meissen porcelain figure: Young leopardess (inv. no. ES 137 = Lost Art-ID 427841) from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection; 7. Meissen porcelain figure: Young Leopard (inv. no. ES 138 = Lost Art-ID 427841) from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection; 8. Meissen porcelain group of figures: Hunting group with wolf and hounds (inv. no. ES 710 = Lost Art-ID 427919) from the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection.

Restitution claim from the heirs of Max (1863‒1934) and Olga (?‒?) von Wassermann for one object that entered the BNM in 1968 as a gift through the Ernst Schneider Foundation Meissen porcelain collection: Meissen porcelain figure: Leopard (inv. no. ES 674 = Lost Art-ID 405377).

Proactive research on one object formerly in the possession of Ottmar Strauss (1878‒1940) that entered the BNM in 1990 after the acquisition of the collection of Fritz Thyssen (1873‒1951) through Anita Countess Zichy-Thyssen (1909‒1990): Ivory diptych (inv. no. 90/288 = Lost Art-ID 449635).
Information passed on to the legal representative of the beneficiary heirs of Ottmar Strauss.

Proactive research one one object from the art dealer Jacques Goudstikker (1897‒1940) that entered the BNM in 1965 as part of the ‘transfers of state-owned property’, formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring (1893‒1946): Wooden sculpture of a lion holding a coat of arms (inv. no. 65/151).
Information passed on to the legal representative of the beneficiary heirs of Jacques Goudstikker.
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 521940.

Proactive research on one object formerly in the possession of Carl Jourdan (1858–1926) and his daughter Saskia Jourdan (1913–1991) that entered the BNM in 1961 as part of the ‘transfers of state-owned property’, formerly the property/impounded asset of Hermann Göring (1893‒1946): Wooden sculpture of Saint Martin (inv. no. 61/42.1–2).
Registration on Lost Art database at the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste (Magdeburg): Lost Art-ID 521967. The beneficiary heirs of Carl and Saskia Jourdan have been contacted.

Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in cooperation with the Archäologische Staatssammlung München (Bavarian State Archaeological Collection) and the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in Kiev:

Proactive research on 11 archaeological objects with Cyrillic inventory numbers from the collection of Vikentiy Khvoyka (1850‒1914) from the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in Kiev, held at the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection on loan from the Bundesamt für zentrale Dienste und offene Vermögensfragen (BADV; Federal Office for Central Services and Unresolved Property Issues): Eleven archaeological objects (E-no. 1975/13).

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